Prophets of Allah (عليه السلام)

According to Islamic belief Prophets in Arabic called ‘Nabi’ are individual human beings who were sent by Allah (The one and only true God) to different tribes, nation or communities on Earth. They are the people of best character and best examples for the human beings their main purpose is to spread the message of Allah and guide them to straight path. Some prophets are also called as messengers, those who bring the divine revelation or holy books through the intercession of an angel called Hazrat Jabrail عليه السلام (Gabrial). Muslims believe that Allah sent many prophets for the guidance of humanity, but all prophets are not mentioned by name in the Holy Quran. The Holy Quran states: "There is a Messenger for every community". There are Six pillars or articles of the Islamic faith and believing in the Islamic prophets is one of the sixth and very important articles of the Islamic faith.

Prophet Adam عليه السلام was the first human being on the face of the earth was a Muslims, Prophet Adam عليه السلام was created by Allah. Many prophets of Islam also mentioned in the books of Christianity and Judaism but usually slight different form and different stories.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ (Muhammad ibn Abdullah) is the last and the final prophet of Islam he is the most important prophet of Islam, he is also called Khatam an-Nabiyyin, "Seal of the Prophets", Quran was given to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ in a series of revelations during 23 years and it was immediately memorized and written down by some companions. Quran is the divine and literal word of God, and Allah has taken the responsibility to protect it from all kind of distortion and corruption, and it will remain in its original form until the Last Day.

According to Islamic belief all Prophets and messengers are sent by Allah the one only true God to different communities during different periods. In Islam, all prophets preached same message that none is worthy worship except Allah, the Oneness of Allah the God, worship him alone reject idolatry and don’t commit sin, and they taught the belief in the Judgement Day the day of Resurrection and life after death.

In Islam there is a tradition of prophetic lineage, particularly with regard to the Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام(Abraham) who had many prophets in his lineage – and Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus) Prophet Zakariyyah عليه السلام, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, Dawud عليه السلام(David), etc. - through his sons Prophet Ismail عليه السلام and Prophet Isaac عليه السلام.

Etymology:
In sematic language like Arabic and Hebrew, the word Nabi means "prophet". Forms of this noun occur 75 times in the Quran. Also the term nubuwwah means "prophethood" it occurs five times in the Quran. The terms rasool (rusul) and mursal means "messenger with law given/ received by God" and occur more than 300 times. The term for a prophetic "message" (singular: risālah; plural: risālāt), appears in the Quran in ten instances.

The Syriac form of rasūl Allāh (literally: "messenger of God"), s̲h̲eliḥeh d-allāhā, occurs frequently in the apocryphal Acts of St. Thomas. The corresponding verb for s̲h̲eliḥeh—s̲h̲alaḥ, occurs in connection with the prophets in the Hebrew Bible. The words "prophet" (nabī) and "messenger" (rasūl) appear several times in the Old Testament and the New Testament. In the Hebrew Bible, the word nabi ("spokesperson, prophet") occurs commonly. The biblical word for "messenger", mal'akh, refers today to Angels in Judaism, but originally was used for human messenger both of God and of men, thus it is only somewhat equivalent of rasūl. According to Judaism, Haggai, Zaqariah, and Malachi were the last prophets, all of whom lived at the end of the 70-year Babylonian exile. With them, the authentic period of Nevuah ("prophecy") died, and nowadays only the "Bath Kol" (בת קול, lit. daughter of a voice, "voice of God") exists (Sanhedrin 11a).

In the New Testament, however, the word "messenger" becomes more frequent, sometimes in association with the concept of a prophet. "Messenger" may refer to Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus), to his Apostles and to Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John the Baptist). But the last book of the Old Testament, the Book of Malachi, speaks of a messenger that Christian commentators interpret as a reference to the future Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John the Baptist).

Characteristics:
The Quran is a revelation from the last prophet in the Abrahamic succession, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, and its contents detail what Muslims refer to as the 'Straight path.' According to Islamic belief, every prophet preached Islam. There is an emphasis on charity, prayer, pilgrimage, worship of the one God, and fasting. The Quran itself calls Islam the "religion of Abraham" (Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام) and refers to Prophet Yaqub عليه السلام (Jacob) and the Twelve Tribes of Israel as being Muslim.

The Quran says:
The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah (عليه السلام ) the which We have sent by inspiration to thee and that which We enjoined on Ibrahim (عليه السلام), Prophet Musa عليه السلام (Moses), and Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus): Namely, that ye should remain steadfast in religion, and make no divisions therein:... — Quran, sura 42 (Ash-Shura), ayah 13[23]

Prophets in Islam are exemplars to ordinary humans. They exhibit model characteristics of righteousness and moral conduct. Prophetic typologies shared by all prophets include prophetic lineage, advocating monotheism, transmitting God’s messages, and warning of the eschatological consequences of rejecting God. Prophetic revelation often comes in the form of signs and divine proofs. Each prophet is connected to one another, and ultimately support the final prophetic message of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The qualities prophets possess are meant to lead people towards the straight path.

Status:
Islam teaches that prophets were "protected from sin" by God, so unlike other human beings they cannot commit a sin. The Quran speaks of the prophets as being the greatest human beings of all time. Prophets are considered to be chosen by God for the specific task of teaching the faith of Islam. Some were called to prophesy late in life, in Prophet Muhammad ﷺ's case at the age of 40. Others, such as Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John the Baptist), were called to prophesy while still at a young age. Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus) prophesied while still in his cradle.

The Quranic verse 4:69 lists various virtuous groups of human beings, among whom prophets (including messengers) occupy the highest rank. Verse 4:69 reads:

All who obey Allah and the messenger are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah—of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): Ah! what a beautiful fellowship!
Quran, sura 4 (An-Nisa), ayah 69

Stories of the prophets in the Quran (e.g., Prophet Job عليه السلام, Prophet Musa عليه السلام (Moses), Prophet Yusuf عليه السلام (Joseph) etc.) demonstrate that it is "God's practice" (sunnat Allah) to make faith triumph finally over the forces of evil and adversity. "We have made the evil ones friends to those without faith." "Assuredly God will defend those who believe." The prophets are divinely inspired by God but "share no divine attributes", and possess "no knowledge or power" other than that granted to them by God.

Prophetic Lineage:
Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) is widely recognized for being the father of monotheism in the Abrahamic (عليه السلام) religions, however, in the Quran he is recognized as a messenger and a link in the chain of Muslim prophets. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, Allah’s final messenger and the revelator of the Quran, is a descendent of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham). In the Quran it reads, “He [Allah] said: ‘I am making you [Ibrahim] a spiritual exemplar to mankind.’” (Q. 2:124) This phrase is affirming Islam as an Prophet Abrahamic (عليه السلام) religion, and further promoting Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) as an important figure in the history of the Quran. This confirmation of the prophetic relationship (between Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) and Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) is significant to Ibrahim عليه السلام‘s (Abraham’s) story in the Quran due to the fact that the last messenger, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, completes Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham’s) prophetic lineage. This relationship can be seen in the Sura 6:

"That is Our Argument which We imparted to Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) against his people. We raise up in degrees whomever We please. Your Lord is indeed Wise, All-Knowing. And We granted him Prophet Isaac عليه السلام and Prophet Jacob عليه السلام, and guided each of them; and Prophet Nuh (Noah) عليه السلام We guided before that, and of his progeny, [We guided] Prophet David عليه السلام, Prophet Solomon عليه السلام, Prophet Job عليه السلام, Prophet Joseph عليه السلام, Prophet Moses عليه السلام and Prophet Aaron عليه السلام. Thus We reward the beneficent. And Prophet Zechariah عليه السلام, Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John), Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus and Elias عليه السلام), each was one of the righteous. And Prophet Ishmael عليه السلام, Prophet Elijah عليه السلام, Prophet Jonah عليه السلام and Prophet Lot عليه السلام; each We exalted above the whole world. [We also exalted some] of their fathers, progeny and brethren. And We chose them and guided them to a straight path."
(al Quran. 6:83-87)

These particular verses support the Quranic narrative for Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) to be recognized as a patriarch and is supported by his prophetic lineage concluding with Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

Monotheism

The Quran states,

“And (remember) Ibrahim عليه السلام)), when he said to his people: ‘Worship Allah and fear Him; that is far better for you, if only you knew. Indeed, you only worship, apart from Allah, mere idols, and you invent falsehood. Surely, those you worship, apart from Allah, have no power to provide for you. So, seek provision from Allah, worship Him and give Him thanks. You shall be returned unto Him.’” (Q. 29:16-17)

This passage promotes Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham’s devotion to Allah as one of His messengers along with his monotheism. Islam is a monotheistic religion, and Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) is one who is recognized for this transformation of the religious tradition. This prophetic aspect of monotheism is mentioned several times in the Quran. Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) believed in one true God, Allah, and promoted an “invisible oneness” (tawḥīd) with Him. The Quran proclaims, “Say: ‘My lord has guided me to a Straight Path, a right religion, the creed of Prophet Ibrahim (عليه السلام), an upright man who was no polytheist.’” (Q. 6:161) One push Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) had to devote himself to Allah and monotheism is from the Pagans of his time. Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) was devoted to cleansing the Arabian Peninsula of this impetuous worship. His father was a wood idol sculptor, and Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) was critical of his trade. Due to Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham's) devotion, he is recognized as the father of monotheism.

Eschatology

Prophets and messengers in Islam often fall under the typologies of nadhir ("warner") and bashir ("announcer of good tidings"). Many prophets serve as vessels to inform humanity of the eschatological consequences of not accepting Allah's message and affirming monotheism. A verse from the Quran reads: "Verily, We have sent thee [Muhammad] with the truth, as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner: and thou shalt not be held accountable for those who are destined for the blazing fire." (Q. 2:119) The prophetic revelations found in the Quran offer vivid descriptions of the flames of Hell that await nonbelievers but also describe the rewards of the gardens of Paradise that await the true believers. The warnings and promises transmitted by Allah through the prophets to their communities serve to legitimize Prophet Muhammed ﷺ 's message. The final revelation that is presented to Prophet Muhammed ﷺ is particularly grounded in the belief that the Day of Judgement is imminent.

Signs and Divine Proofs

Throughout the Quran, prophets such as Musa عليه السلام (Moses) and Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus) often perform miracles or are associated with miraculous events. The Quran makes clear that these events always occur through Allah and not of the prophet's own volition. Throughout the Meccan passages there are instances where the Meccan people demand visual proofs of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ's divine connection to Allah to which Prophet Muhammad ﷺ replies "The signs are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner." (Q.29:50) This instance makes clear that prophets are only mortals who can testify to Allah's omnipotence and produce signs when He wills it. Furthermore the Quran states that visual and verbal proofs are often rejected by the unbelievers as being sihr ("enchantment") The Quran reads: "They claim that he tries to bewitch them and make them believe that he speaks the word of God, although he is just an ordinary human being like themselves. (Q 74:24-25)

Representation and Prophetic Connection to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

There are patterns of representation of Quranic prophecy that support the revelation of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Since Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is in Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham's) prophetic lineage, they are analogous in many aspects of their prophecy. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was trying to rid the Pagans of idolatry during his lifetime, which is similar to Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham). This caused many to reject Prophet Muhammad ﷺ’s message and even made him flee from Mecca due to his unsafety in the city. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is also known to perform miracles as Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) did. Sura 17 (Al-Isrā) briefly describes Prophet Muhammad ﷺ’s miraculous Night Journey where he physically ascended to the Heavens to meet with previous prophets. This spiritual journey is significant in the sense that many Islamic religious traditions and transformations were given and established during this miracle, such as the ritual of daily prayer. (Q. 17:78-84) Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is an ancestor of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham); therefore, this not only makes him part of the prophetic lineage, but the final prophet in the Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abrahamic) lineage to guide humanity to the Straight Path. In Sura 33 (Al-Ahzāb) it confirms Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and states, “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but is the Messenger of Allah and the seal of the Prophets. Allah is Cognizant of everything.” (Q. 33:40)

Scriptures and other gifts

Holy Books given to Islamic Prophets:

The revealed books are the records which Muslims believe were dictated by God to various Islamic prophets throughout the history of mankind, all these books promulgated the code and laws of Islam. The belief in all the revealed books is an article of faith in Islam and Muslims must believe in all the scriptures to be a Muslim. Muslims believe the Quran, the final Holy Scripture, was sent because all the previous holy books had been either corrupted or lost. Nonetheless, Islam speaks of respecting all the previous scriptures, even in their current forms. Tawrat (Torah): According to the Quran, the Tawrat (Torah) was revealed to Prophet Moses عليه السلام, but Muslims believe that the current Pentateuch, although it retains the main message, has suffered corruption over the years. Prophet Musa عليه السلام (Moses) and his brother Prophet Haroon عليه السلام (Aaron) used the Torah to preach the message to the Children of Israel. The Quran implies that the Torah is the longest-used scripture, with the Jewish people still using the Torah today, and that all the Hebrew prophets would warn the people of any corruptions that were in the scripture. Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus), in Muslim belief, was the last prophet to be taught the Mosaic Law in its true form. Zabur (Psalms): The Quran mentions the Psalms as being the Holy Scripture revealed to Prophet David عليه السلام. Scholars have often understood the Psalms to have been holy songs of praise. The current Psalms are still praised by many Muslim scholars, but Muslims generally assume that some of the current Psalms were written later and are not divinely revealed. Book of Enlightenment: The Quran mentions a Book of Enlightenment, which has alternatively been translated as Scripture of Enlightenment or the Illuminating Book. It mentions that some prophets, in the past, came with clear signs from God as well as this particular scripture. Books of Divine Wisdom: The Quran mentions certain Books of Divine Wisdom, translated by some scholars as Books of Dark Prophecies, which are a reference to particular books vouchsafed to some prophets, wherein there was wisdom for man. Some scholars have suggested that these may be one and the same as the Psalms as their root Arabic word, Zubur (Quran 35:25) - the plural for the word "Scriptures", comes from the same source as the Arabic Zabur for the Psalms. İnjil (Gospel): The İnjil (Gospel) was the holy book revealed to Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus), according to the Quran. Although many lay Muslims believe the Injil refers to the entire New Testament, scholars have clearly pointed out that it refers not to the New Testament but to an original Gospel, which was sent by God, and was given to Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus). Therefore, according to Muslim belief, the Gospel was the message that Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus), being divinely inspired and preached to the Children of Israel. The current canonical Gospels, in the belief of Muslim scholars, are not divinely revealed but rather are documents of the life of Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus), as written by various contemporaries, disciples and companions. These Gospels contain portions of Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus's) teachings but do not represent the original Gospel, which was a single book written not by a human but was sent by God. Scrolls of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham): The Scrolls of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) are believed to have been one of the earliest bodies of scripture, which were vouchsafed to Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham), and later used by Prophet Ishmael عليه السلام and Prophet Isaac عليه السلام. Although usually referred to as 'scrolls/ manuscript', many translators have translated the Arabic Suhuf as 'the Scriptures'. The Scrolls of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) are now considered lost rather than corrupted, although some scholars have identified them with the Testament of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham), an apocalyptic piece of literature available in Arabic at the time of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The verse mentioning the "Scriptures" is in Quran 87:18-19 where they are referred to "Books of the Earliest Revelation". Scrolls of Prophet Musa (Moses) عليه السلام. These scrolls, containing the revelations of Prophet Musa (Moses) عليه السلام, which were perhaps written down later by Prophet Moses عليه السلام, Prophet Aaron عليه السلام and Joshua, are understood by Muslims to refer not to the Torah but to revelations aside from the Torah. Some scholars have stated that they could possibly refer to the Book of the Wars of the Lord, a lost text spoken of in the Hebrew Bible. The verse mentioning the "Scriptures" is in Quran 87:18-19 where they are referred to "Books of the Earliest Revelation".

Holy gifts

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was given a divine gift of revelation through the angel Jabrail عليه السلام (Gabriel). This direct communication with the divine underlines the human experience but the message of the Quran dignifies this history of revelation with these select people in human history the foundation for Mohammad's prophetic lineage.

The Quran mentions various divinely-bestowed gifts given to various prophets. These may be interpreted as books or forms of celestial knowledge. Although all prophets are believed by Muslims to have been immensely gifted, special mention of "wisdom" or "knowledge" for a particular prophet is understood to mean that some secret knowledge was revealed to him. The Quran mentions that Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) prayed for wisdom and later received it. It also mentions that Prophet Joseph عليه السلام and Prophet Musa (Moses) عليه السلام both attained wisdom when they reached full age; Prophet David عليه السلام received wisdom with kingship, after slaying Goliath; Prophet Lut عليه السلام (Lot) received wisdom whilst prophesying in Sodom and Gomorrah; Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John the Baptist) received wisdom while still a mere youth; and Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus) received wisdom and was vouchsafed the Gospel.

The Nature of Revelation

During the time of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ's revelation, the Arabian Peninsula was made up of many pagan tribes. His birthplace, Mecca, was a central pilgrimage site and a trading center where many tribes and religions were in constant contact. Prophet Muhammad's ﷺ connection with the surrounding culture was foundational to the way the Quran was revealed. Though it is seen as the direct word of God, it came through to Prophet Muhammed ﷺ in his own native language of Arabic, which could be understood by all the peoples in the peninsula. This is the key feature of the Quran which makes it unique to the poetry and other religious texts of the time. It is considered immune to translation and culturally applicable to the context of the time it was revealed. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was criticized for his revelation being poetry which, according to the cultural perspective, is revelation purely originating from the jihn and the Qurash but the typology of duality and its likeness to the other prophets in the Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abrahamic) line affirms his revelation. This likeness is found in the complexity of its structure and its message of submission of faith to the one God, Allah. This also reveals that his revelation comes from Allah alone and he is the preserver of the Straight Path as well as the inspired messages and lives of other prophets, making the Quran cohesive with the monotheistic reality in the Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abrahamic) traditions.

No. Name of Prophet Name of Prophet in Arabic Judeo-Christian Equivalent
1 Adam آدَم Adam
2 Idris ادرس Enoch
3 Nuh نُوح Noah
4 Hud هود Eber
5 Saleh صَالِح Salah
6 Ibrahim إِبْرَاهِيم Abraham
7 Lut لُوط Lot
8 Ismail إِسْمَاعِيل Ishmael
9 Ishaq إِسْحَاق Isaac
10 Yaqub يَعقُوب Jacob
11 Yusuf يُوسُف Joseph
12 Ayyub أَيُّوب Job
13 Shuʿayb شُعَيب Jethro
14 Musa مُوسى moses
15 Harun هَارُون Aaron
16 Dhul-Kifl ذُو ٱلْكِفْل Ezekiel
17 Dawud دَاوُد \ دَاوُود David
18 Sulayman سُلَيْمَان Solomon
19 Ilyas إِلْيَاس Elijah
20 Al-Yasa ٱلْيَسَع Elisha
21 Yunus يُونُس Jonah
22 Zakariyya زَكَرِيَّا Zechariah
23 Yahya يَحْيَى John the Baptist
24 Isa عِيسَى Jesus
25 Muhammad مُحَمَّد

1. First human being and Prophet called Adam عليه السلام or Aadam عليه السلام, the father of the all human beings and the first Muslim. As mentioned in the Bible, Prophet Adam عليه السلام and his wife Hawa عليه السلام (Eve) were cast out of the Jannah (Garden of Eden) for eating the fruit from forbidden tree.

2. After Prophet Adam عليه السلام Prophet Idris عليه السلام (Enoch) was the third prophet, Prophet Idris and his son Seth were devoted to the study of the ancient books of their ancestors.

3. Prophet Nuh عليه السلام (Noah), was a mighty prophet of Allah his nation was unbelievers, he called them towards the message of the existence of a one single God, Allah. After many fruitless years of teaching and preaching, Allah warned Prophet Nuh عليه السلام of coming destruction, and ordered Prophet Nuh عليه السلام to build an ark to save righteous humans and pairs of animals.

4. Allah sent Prophet Hud عليه السلام to the nation called ‘Aad’, they were desert traders who had not yet to embrace monotheism. They didn’t follow the teaching of Prophet Hud عليه السلام and were destroyed by a sandstorm.

5. Allah sent Prophet Saleh عليه السلام, approx. 200 years after Prophet Hud عليه السلام, he was sent to the nation called Thamud, they were descendants of the 'Aad. The Thamud demanded to the Prophet Saleh عليه السلام perform a miracle in order to prove that he is a Prophet of Allah and they said to bring a pregnant camel out of rocks. When Prophet did this miracle so a group of unbelievers plotted to kill the camel and they killed the camel due to this sin they were destroyed by an earthquake or volcano.

6. Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham) is also mentioned as Abraham in the Bible, he is father of Prophet Ismail عليه السلام and Prophet Ishaaq عليه السلام he is also widely honored and revered as a teacher and father and grandfather to other prophets. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was also from his lineage.

7. Prophet Ismail عليه السلام (Ishmael) is the son of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام, he was born to Hagar عليه السلام and an ancestor of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ's. As per the order of Allah He and his mother were brought to Mecca by Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام.

8. Prophet Ishaq عليه السلام (Isaac) is also the son of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام (Abraham's) mentioned in the Bible and the Quran, and both he and his brother Prophet Ismail عليه السلام continued to preach after Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام 's death.

9. Prophet Lut عليه السلام (Lot) was of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام 's family who was sent to Canaan as the prophet to the doomed cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.

10. Prophet Yaqub عليه السلام (Jacob), also of the family of Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام, was the father of the 12 Tribes of Israel

11. Prophet Yousef عليه السلام (Joseph), was Prophet Yaqub's عليه السلام eleventh and most beloved son, whose brothers threw him in a well where he was rescued by a passing caravan.

12. Prophet Shuaib عليه السلام, sometimes associated with the Biblical Jethro, was a prophet sent to the Midianite community who worshipped a sacred tree. When they would not listen to Prophet Shuaib عليه السلام, Allah destroyed the community.

13. Prophet Ayyub عليه السلام (Job), like his parallel in the Bible, suffered long and was sorely tested by Allah but remained true to his faith.

14. Prophet Musa عليه السلام (Moses), brought up in the royal courts of Egypt and sent by Allah to preach monotheism to the Egyptians, was given the revelation of the Torah (called Tawrat in Arabic).

15. Prophet Harun عليه السلام (Aaron) was Prophet Musa عليه السلام 's brother, who stayed with their kinsmen in the Land of Goshen, and was the first high priest to the Israelites.

16. Prophet Dhulkifl عليه السلام (Ezekiel), or Zul-Kifl, was a prophet who lived in Iraq; sometimes associated with Joshua, Obadiah, or Isaiah rather than Ezekiel.

17. Prophet Dawud عليه السلام (David), king of Israel, received the divine revelation of the Psalms.

18. Prophet Sulaiman عليه السلام (Solomon), son of Prophet Dawud عليه السلام, had the ability to talk to animals and rule jin; he was the third king of the Jewish people and considered the greatest of world rulers.

19. Prophet Ilias عليه السلام (Elias or Elijah), also spelled Ilyas, lived in the northern kingdom of Israel and defended Allah as the true religion against the worshippers of Baal.

20. Prophet Al-Yasa عليه السلام (Elisha) is typically identified with Elisha, although the stories in the Bible are not repeated in the Quran.

21. Prophet Yunus عليه السلام (Jonah), was swallowed by a big fish and repented and glorified Allah.

22. Prophet Zakariyya عليه السلام (Zechariah) was the father of Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John the Baptist), the guardian of Prophet Isa عليه السلام 's mother Mary عليه السلام and a righteous priest who lost his life for his faith.

23. Prophet Yahya عليه السلام (John the Baptist) was a witness to the word of Allah, who would herald the arrival of Prophet Isa عليه السلام.

24. Prophet Isa عليه السلام (Jesus) is considered a messenger of truth in the Quran who preached the straight path.

25. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, the father of the Islamic empire, was called to be a prophet at the age of 40, in 610 CE.